Party for Socialism and Liberation @pslweb

Black Revolutionary Heroes
a far-from-exaustive list:

Nat Turner / 1800-1831

Leader of slave revolt.

FLed one of the largest slave resolvts in U.S. history in 1831 in Southampton County, Virginia. The rebellion spead over serveral plantations before being suppressed. Turner was executed along with 55 others.

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Harriet Tubman / 1820-1913

Liberator of Slaves

Escaped slavery in Maryland and then made over 13 missions back south to rescue others. She "never lost a passenger." In the Civil War, she guided the Combahee River Raid, which liberated more than 700 slaves.

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Robert Smalls / 1839-1915

Slave turned Civil War hero.

Freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery in 1862 by commandeering a Confederate transport ship and salling it to Federal lines. His heroism became nationally known and he was later elected to Congress.

Wikipedia page.

Ida B. Wells / 1862-1931

Anti-lynching crusader

Was a teacher and journalist whose research, writings and speeches exposed to the world the grizzly details of U.S. lynchings. She also challenged discrimination on the railroads and founded key Black women's organizations

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W.E.B Du Bois / 1868-1963

Writer, activist, editor.

was a co-founder of the NAACP, which challenged the status quo by insisting on full civil and political rights for Black people. He was a prolific author, a proponent of Pan-Africanism, and became a Communist late in his life.

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Langston Hughes / 1902-1967

Poet and revolutionary.

Is most known asa leader of the artistic movement known as the Harlem Renaissance. His work frequently critiqued capitalism and he became president of the Communist-led League of Struggle for Negro Rights.

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Claudia Jones / 1915-1964

Agitator, activist.

Was an immigrant retail worker from Trinidad whose journalism and activism often focused on Black women's oppression. For her leadership position in the Communist Party, she was deported to England.

Wikipedia page.

Paul Robeson / 1898-1976

Singer, actor, anti-imperialist.

Was one of the most well-known singers and actors of the 1930s-1940s, and also spoke 15 languages. Because of his anti-imperialist politics and Communist afiliations, he was 'blacklisted' during the McCarthy era.

Wikipedia page.

Harry Haywood / 1898-1985

Communist theoretician.

Was the son of slaves who joined the radical African Blood Brotherhood organization after World War I. A communist, Haywood organized workers and pioneered the theory of Black self-determination in the Deep South.

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Angelo Herndon / 1913-1997

Labor organizer.

was a Communist imprioned at age 19 for "insurrection" after leading a hunger march of 1,000 unemployed Black and white workers in Atlanta, Ga., in 1932. Herndon's case gave national exposure to "Jim Crow justice".

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Robert F. Williams / 1925-1996

Icon of militancy.

Was the president of the Monroe, North Carolina, NAACP chapter in the 1950s and early 1960s, which promoted armed self-defense against the KKK. His writings in exile, from Cuba and China, influenced a generation of militants.

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Rosa Parks / 1913-2005

Organizer and catalyst.

Sparked a bus boycott and the modern Civil Rights movement with her refusal to abide by segregation customs in Birmingham, Alabama. Parks had already been organizing for decades for racial and economic justice.

Ella Baker / 1903-1986

Mentor of a movement.

Was a key strategist and organizer of the Black freedom movement from 1930s through the 1960s. She mentored the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and a whole generation of organizers.

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Fannie Lou Hamer / 1917-1977

Sharecropper to spokeswoman.

a plantation worker who was instrumental in the Mississippi Freedom Summer voting-rights campaign of 1964. She helped lead the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, challenging the all-white Democratic Party.

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Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Strategist, orator, leader.

Was 26 when he led the Montgomery Bus Boycott from 1955-1956. King spent the next 13 years marching, speaking and inspiring others before he was assassinated in 1968.

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Malcom X / 1925-1965

Voice of self-determination.

Went from a street hustler to become an icon of Black pride and self-determination, a story told in his best-selling autobiography. Serving first as a Nation of Islam minister, Malcolm later evolved towards more radical politics.

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Fred Hampton / 1948-1969

Chicago youth leader.

Was an Illinois leader of the Black Panther Party until the police assassinated him in his bed. A captivating speaker, Hampton organized a truce between Chicago's street gangs as a first step twoards politicizing them.

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Huey Newton / 1942-1989

Founder of the Panthers.

Co-founded the Black Panther Party in 1966 at age 24. Promoting self-defense, socialism and Black liberation, the party grew nationwide. The average age of BPP was estimated to be 19 years old.

Wikipedia page.

George Jackson / 1941-1971

Prisoner to revolutionary.

Was arrested at age 17 for stealing $70 and given a 'one-year to-life' sentence. Behind bars, Jackson became a revolutionary and organized other inmates. A 1971 rebellion at San Quentin prison ended in his assassination.

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Assata Shakur / 1947-

Liberation warrior.

Was a member of the Black Liberation Army, falsely convicted for murder, who then escaped prison and still lives in exile in Cuba. Her writings and words continue to serve as inspiration for today's revolutioanries.

Wikipedia page.